(a) Explain the term ‘parameter structural stability’?
(b) A financial econometrician thinks that the stock market crash of October 1987 fundamentally changed the risk–return relationship given by the CAPM equation. He decides to test this hypothesis
using a Chow test. The model is estimated using monthly data from January 1980–December 1995, and then two separate regressions are run for the sub-periods corresponding to data before and after the crash. The model is
so that the excess return on a security at time t is regressed upon the excess return on a proxy for the market portfolio at time t. The results for the three models estimated for shares in British Airways
(BA) are as follows:
(c) What are the null and alternative hypotheses that are being tested here, in terms of a and ß?
(d) Perform the test. What is your conclusion?