Can be represented by six softness bits (in which 000000 corresponds to the ultimate in softness), 000111 is extremely soft, and 111111 is the ultimate in stiffness; three background brightness bits, in which 000 is bright and 111 is dark; three background color bits, in which white is 000 and brown is 001 and all other colors are covered by the remaining six combinations; three foreground brightness bits (000 is bright); three foreground color bits (000 is white, 001 is brown, 010 is red, 011 is yellow, 111 is black, and the remaining bit patterns are other colors); one bit for paw color, in which 0 corresponds to white and 1 is “anything else”; one bit for tail color, in which 0 corresponds to “anything else” and 1 corresponds to black. C. Can be represented by 10 bits, in which eight are related to tail length (00000000 corresponds to a tailless variety, and 11111111 corresponds to a tail-length of 25.5in. or longer) and two denote tail appearance: 00 corresponds to pointing straight up, 01 corresponds to pointing horizontally, 10 corresponds to pointing straight down, and 11 corresponds to the highly undesirable curly-tailed appearance. D. Can be represented by 10 bits, in which the first seven correspond to a weight in kg and the second three correspond to a weight in increments of 1/8 kg. Thus, a weight characteristic of 0000101011 would be a weight of 53/8 kg. E. Can be represented by 10 bits, seven bits of which correspond to pawprint area and three to the fraction webbed. In this example, 0000000 corresponds to a pawprint area of 0.5 sq in., 1111111 corresponds to a pawprint area of 13.2 sq in., and 0100011 corresponds to a pawprint area of 4.0 sq in. In the final three bits, 000 corresponds to 1/8 webbed, and 111 corresponds to fully webbed. F. Can be represented by six bits, in which 000000 corresponds to the ultimate in mildtempered disposition, 000100 is extremely mild tempered, and 111111 is “meaner than a junkyard dog” — the ultimate in non-mild-temperedness! Thus, in total, one needs 64 bits to represent an individual dog in this population. One such dog might be