Compose an argument with two premises using no indicators.

Compose an argument with two premises using no indicators.

In the following texts, identify all of the assertions made and then identify the premises and conclusion.

a. The infection is getting worse, for the fever is staying high.

b. Dinosaurs were animals and they roamed the earth before humans did. This shows that humans were not the first animals.

c. The leaves are drooping and the petals are falling off. This means that the flower is dying.

d. The dress is too short and the color is all wrong. So, you should not buy it.

e. Jones was at the party last night. Jane said so.

f. The traffic on the highway is really terrible. So we should take a side road.

g. Voting makes no difference. Politicians always do whatever they want and one vote can never make a difference.

h. That plant will die. It never gets any light and it is bone dry.

i. Inflation is rising and so are interest rates. A recession is approaching.

j. The American Civil War was good for the United States. It clarified the powers of the states in relation to each other and to the Federal Government, and it highlighted the importance of the constitution’s bill of rights.

k. 85% of students we surveyed are in favor of some legal limitations on gun ownership. Therefore, most people are in favor of gun control.

l. Cars are nothing but a money sink. I have owned three cars in the last six months and all of them required really costly repairs.

m. If we eat the bananas, then we will not have any fruit left. And if we have no fruit then we have to go to the store. So, if we eat the bananas we have to go to the store.

n. Either we drive to Florida or we fly. But flying is now really expensive and is also bad for the environment. So, we had better drive.

o. Investing in the stock market is like throwing money down the toilet. And we can all agree that that is a bad thing. So investing in the market is bad too.

p. The acting was wooden, the scenery was cheap and the dialogue was empty. That was a terrible movie.

q. If you save your money in a bank account you will gain interest. If you gain interest you will become richer. So, saving money in your bank account can make you richer.

r. We have to fire that worker. He is incompetent, always in a bad mood, and he just left early.

Using the following sentence as a conclusion, “Tofu is very delicious,” compose three arguments with different premise. Use premise and conclusion indicators. (Note: the arguments do not need to be persuasive, and do not worry about making sure that the premises are true. The argument could be crazy, if you like. So long as they are arguments.)

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What is the difference between acceptable reasons and sufficient reasons? Give an example of reasons that are sufficient to believe something but not acceptable.

What is the difference between acceptable reasons and sufficient reasons? Give an example of reasons that are sufficient to believe something but not acceptable. Could evidence be overridden without being….

In each of the following, several epistemic reasons are given to believe something. Which is the strongest reason? What makes it stronger? a. John, Susan, and Terry all believe that the bank robber was a male. John was there during the robbery and saw the robber. Susan read about the robbery in the newspaper. Susan told Terry about the robbery. b. John and Susan both believe that the acid caused the chemical reaction. John read in a textbook about the likely causes of such a reaction. Susan performed several experiments to rule out other possible causes. c. Susan and Terry both believe that their checking accounts are overdrawn. Terry got a phone call from his bank telling him about his balance. Susan noticed it when she was balancing her checkbook last night. d. John and Susan believe that some early settlers in New England suffered real hardships. John read some original diaries written by early settlers. Susan saw a documentary on TV. e. John and Susan both believe that building a new bridge will greatly reduce the current traffic problems. John based his belief on a comparison of the proposed bridge and the traffic problems to those in other cities. Susan believes it because she heard the city planners claim that the bridge would reduce traffic problems. f. John and Susan both believe that raising the minimum wage would lead to higher unemployment among the very poor. John believes it because he thinks that it follows from what he learned in his economics class. Susan believes it because she works in an unemployment office and has seen the unemployment lines grow after the wage has been raised in the past. In (a) in (C), if the belief had been that the robber was a male with a long criminal record, then Susan’s belief would have been better justified than John’s, since it is hard to tell just by looking whether someone has a criminal record, but this is the kind of information a newspaper report would get right. For each of the other questions in (C), change the shared belief but not the kind of evidence each character relied on, so that the other person’s reasons are stronger.

In each of the following, several epistemic reasons are given to believe something. Which is the strongest reason? What makes it stronger? a. John, Susan, and Terry all believe that….

Explain how a condition that is sufficient might not also be necessary. Give an example to illustrate your answer.

(When you answer these questions, pretend that you are explaining or teaching the answer to a friend who is not in the class. Doing that will force you to put….